Corfu - Kerkyra
Corfu , also called Kerkyra is the second largest of the Ionian Islands and, including its small satellite islands, forms the most of the north western frontier of Greece.
The region of Corfu includes the smalleExplore Corfu (Ar islands of Ereikousa, Mathraki and Othonoi.
The island is full of ancient history from the beginnings of Greek mythology. Its history is full of battles and conquests. Ancient Kerkyra took part in the Battle of Syvota which was a catalyst for the Peloponnesian War, which was the largest battle between Greek cities at that time. Some ruins of the old city have been found.
Two medieval castles enclose until now the city that were build for protection against pirates. Thucydides also reports that Korkyra was one of the three great naval powers of fifth century BC Greece, along with Athens and Corinth.
From medieval times and into the 17th century, the island, having successfully repulsed the Ottomans during several sieges, was recognized as a break wall of the European States against the Ottoman Empire and became one of the most fortified places in Europe. The fortifications of the island were used by the Venetians to defend against Ottoman intrusion into the Adriatic.
Corfu eventually fell under British rule following the Napoleonic Wars, and was eventually ceded to Greece by the British Empire along with the remaining islands of the Ionian Islands.
Unification with modern Greece was concluded in 1864 under the Treaty of London.
The first governor of independent Greece after the revolution of 1821, founder of the modern Greek state, and distinguished European diplomat Ioannis Kapodistrias was born in Corfu.
In 2007, the city's old town was added to the UNESCO World Heritage List. The 1994 European Union summit was held in Corfu.
Apart from the history, Corfu offers beautiful and clear water bays which makes your sailing a pleasure. Where ever you turn your eyes you see the green vegetation form the olive trees that originally were planted by the Venetians.